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When President Kennedy signed Executive Order 10925 which states The contractor will not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of their race creed color or national origin this act established a Presidential Committee for Equal Employment Opportunity EEO Relatively two-year later President Kennedy delivered his civil rights speech making comments that included the Second Reconstruction a coherent effort by all three branches of the government to secure blacks their full rights This speech was the basis for the Civil Rights Bill of 1963 and the basic shape of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Graham 27 - 29 74 99 This act is the basis of which is now modern affirmative action A study conducted by the Herman P Miller indicates that the black income is 55 percent that of the white income that no significant progress has been made since the 1940 and 1950 era where that black committee was concerned This study was conducted after Corps of Engineers in New Orleans issued because of Johnson committee that state if a Negro is denied a position and is in the top three candidates it must be approved by the Corps This sparked a large debate in the House in which Senators believed that this was a form of Reverse Discrimination However these types of Quotas were happening long before the Congressional Hearings of 1963 Graham 100 107 During the Second World War the Congress of Racial Equality CORE was established to protest racism in the north CORE grew throughout the country and militant CORE members started boycotting retail chain and picketing banks with the intention of nondiscriminatory hiring But this was over 30 years ago Do we still need of boycott single products has they did in Philadelphia and focus companies into hiring a specify number of minorities Graham 104 05 Supporters of affirmative action believe what Former Supreme Court justice Harry Blackmun said in 1978
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