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In 1989 government corruption and rising inflation caused much of Chinas population to respond to a student revolt for democracy This ignited an historically significant confrontation with Chinese Communist Party authorities On June 3 and 4 1989 the Communist Peoples Liberation Army in China brutally crushed supporters of democracy who marched on Tiananmen Square in Beijing Hundreds of students and others were killed with 10000 people injured and hundreds more jailed When Hu Yaobang a hero to Chinese liberals and a former general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party died in April 1989 students began peaceful memorial demonstrations in Shanghai Beijing and other Chinese cities Tiananmen Square Protest This tribute evolved into a movement for democracy as protesters demanded the removal of Chinas leader Deng Xiaoping and other Communist officials On April 20 1989 the Chinese government ordered the protesters to stop demonstrating an order which the protesters ignored On May 4 1989 100000 students and workers marched in Beijing demanding democratic reforms On May 20 1989 the government declared martial law Demonstrations continued however while the government tried to decide between two leaders Premier Li Peng and Chinese Communist Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang Li Pengs harder-line approach won out as he had Deng Xiaopings support as well After Li Pengs appointment the government ordered troops to Tiananmen Square where violence ensued The government conducted widespread arrests summary trials and executions banned the foreign press and strictly controlled the Chinese press Although the government had quelled similar protests since the mid-1980s the extremely violent suppression of the Tiananmen Square protest caused widespread international condemnation of the Chinese government Tiananmen Square Protest Now each year on June 3 and 4 families of the slain protesters gather in Beijing to mourn although the government has forbidden them to gather together in public Some relatives based on the number of bodies they saw in hospitals and morgues believe thousands died on June 3 and 4 1989 The
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