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Word Count: 523
LABOR ORGANIZATIONS OF THE EARLY 1900S Employment considered as a basic concept and category of labor law is a relatively recent development Prior to the Great Depression and World War II the emphasis was upon the prevention or reduction of excessive unemployment rather than upon long-term employment policy as part of a comprehensive scheme to promote economic stability and growth The new approach arising from changes in political outlook and contemporary economic thought has increasingly found expression in legal provisions that establish the creation of employment opportunities as a general objective of policy To this end legislation has established the necessary legal framework for the forecasting of manpower needs and availability and the provision of employment services The making modification and termination of individual employment relations and the resulting obligations for the parties form a second branch of labor law It may also involve certain aspects of promotion transfer and dismissal procedures and compensation Historically speaking the law on these matters was at one time described as the law of master and servant It implied a contractual relation in which one party agreed to be under the control of the other in the sense that the servant was bound to obey orders not only as to the work that he would execute but also as to the details of the work and the manner of its execution In return the master had to pay a wage and grant certain minimum conditions for the protection of the worker As the lad developed the implied terms and statutory incidents attached to this relationship concerning such matters as termination of employment dismissal procedures and compensation minimum wages conditions of work and social se curity rights began to limit the freedom of contract The individual employment relationship continues however to be the subject matter of labor law to which general legal principles as opposed to statutes and collective agreements apply Legally speaking the individual contract of employment plays
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