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Word Count: 1,317
Aristotle a contemporary of Plato had a large influence in the evolution and organization of societies throughout the world Many of his works consisted of lengthy explorations into what he considered the founding principles of happiness virtue honor and reason He founded the school of Lyceum in Athens He theorized about the Universe and its ultimate supremacy He believed the universe had its own telos or purpose that was instilled and at the same time separate from us The universes telos followed its own final destiny It is hard to believe that Aristotle one of the greatest intellectuals strongly supported slavery This man despite his ethical view could not see that the soul morality and virtue within were equal in all He believed some humans were essentially and intrinsically better than others Ancient Greek society supported a civilization based on slavery They believed slavery aimed at a goal and had the quality of goodness backing it These Athenian slaves were not just what one might typically envision a slave to be They not only worked in fields they were personal servants accountants teachers and public servants They were tools of production There were appendages to their master and without their master a part of nothing To Aristotle a society that was broken down into classes naturally occurred He said For that some should rule and others be ruled is a thing not only necessary but expedient from the hour of their birth some are marked out for subjection others for ruleChap 5 He believed all societies should have subordination and super ordination Aristotle said the two groups mutually have a need for one another to co-exist and neither group would survive without reliance onto their counterpart The simplest way he exemplified his theory was to take the relationship between man and woman without one another the two could not pro-create and society would cease Throughtout time men are considered naturally stronger and possessing more
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