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My chief idea in this is that these tribes mist be studied in relation to one another and that only someone who understands the East will be able to thoroughly understand the WestMuller-Willi p97 Words written by a man who is now regarded as being the founder of modern American anthropology Franz Boas The views of culture expressed by Boas throughout his anthropological career have shaped how his generation and possibly all generations after him view culture Franz Boas was born in Minden Germany on July 9 1958 as one of 6 children He graduated from the University of Heidelberg in 1881 and earned his PhD from the University of Kiel At first he specialized in physics but later moved toward physical then cultural geography Kroeber et al p5 In 1883 he went to Baffin Island to conduct geographic research on the impact of the physical environment on native migrations While studying the Inuit of Baffin Island he developed a strong interest in non-western cultures Boas stayed with the Inuit for 1 year and although his time there may have been short it would prove to be very significant Kroeber et al p5-28 The field work methods he came up with during that time had a large influence on the development of cultural anthropology as an academic discipline in general Stocking p11 The first method is the observation analysis and interpretation of human environmental relations in the arctic ie the Inuits organization of the utilization of space and recourses in a seasonal rhythm under specific natural and geographical conditions The second is the development and rise of ethnological and geographical interdisciplinary modes of operation which led to a cultural-anthropological field research method Stocking p11 Boas believed that when researching a culture so different from your own nothing is too insignificant to record He
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