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Jacques Cartier is recognized as the European discover of the St Lawrence River he also discovered the Magdalene Islands and Prince Edward Island Jacques Cartier was born in 1491 at St Malo Brittiany Cartier made three voyages to North America between 1534 and 1542 On the first 1534 he thoroughly explored the Gulf of St Lawrence claimed the Gaspe Peninsula for France and took two Laurentian Iroquois home with him to learn French Jacques Cartier is recognized as the European discoverer of the St Lawrence River On the second voyage 1535-36 he used the two Indian interpreter-guides to pilot him up the St Lawrence River to Quebec Stadacona He continued to Montreal Hochelaga without them but was discouraged from continuing farther west by the rapids and cold weather Wintering in Quebec Stadacona 25 members of his crew died from scurvy before the discovery of a brew of white cedar saved the rest He arrived back at St Malo in July 1536 On his third voyage 1541-42 Cartier was obliged to serve under the nominal command of Jean Francois de la Rocque de Roberval all though the latter did not sail with him Cartier founded a settlement near Quebec Stadacona discovered quartz he thought to be diamonds and iron pyrites he thought to be gold and again travel as far as Montreal Hochelaga He winter near Quebec Stadacona where at least 35 members of his crew were apparently kill by Iroquois This third voyage also helped pave the way for Samuel de Champlains expeditions it was the search for a Northwest Passage that brought Cartier into the St Lawrence River in 1534 The colony under the sieur de Roberval was a failure and for the time being France lost interest in Canada Cartier retired to St-Malo where he served as an adviser on navigation He died on September 1 1557
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