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Niels Hendrik David Bohr Niels Hendrik David Bohr was one of the foremost scientists of the 20th century The Nobel prizewinning physicist was known for his development of the theory of atomic fission that led to the development of the atomic bomb He was born on Oct 7 1885 in Copenhagen Denmark His father Christian was a professor at the University of Copenhagen and his brother Harold was a great mathematician He entered the university in 1903 In 1907 he earned his PhD went to England to study with JJ Thomson and Ernest Rutherfurd He returned to Copenhagen in 1916 as a professor at the university He became the director of the universitys Institute for Theoretical Physics in 1920 to which he attracted many world-renowned physicist In 1922 he won the Nobel Prize for his work on the atomic structure When he visited the United States in 1939 he brought the knowledge that the German scientists were successful in splitting the uranium atom In the winter of 1939 Bohr worked at Princeton University were he developed the theory of atomic fission that led to the first atomic bomb and then returned to Denmark in 1940 In 1943 he was still in Copenhagen when the Nazis occupied his country He left Copenhagen because of his Jewish background and went to Los Alamos North Mexico were he helped scientist who were working on the first atomic bomb Before he left he dissolved his golden Nobel medal in acid In 1945 after the war was over he returned to his country and precipitated the gold from acid and recast the medal Bohr worked very hard on the peaceful uses of atomic energy and organized the first Atoms for Peace Conference in Geneva in 1955 He was awarded the first Atomic Peace award He died on November 18 1962 in Copenhagen Denmark
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