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Word Count: 921
In August 1948 Whittaker Chambers charged that Alger Hiss was a Communist spy Chambers claimed that he and Hiss had belonged to the same spy group and that Hiss had given him secret State Department documents This group was a network of American spies recruited by the Soviet Union to collect useful information for Moscow Alger Hiss was a Harvard-educated lawyer He had played a high role in the planning and the development of the United Nations Whittaker Chambers a senior editor of Time magazine and an ex-Communist appeared as a witness before HUAC 1Chambers testified that in the 1930s he had been attached as a messenger to a Communist organization formed in Washington DC The group had been organized by Harold Ware a well-known Communist and its members included eight government officials Chambers confessed that spying had been one of the Ware Groups eventual objectives and identified its members One of them was Alger Hiss a former Assistant Secretary of State He also had control over the founding conference of the United Nations in 1945 Alger Hiss constantly denied the allegations of Chamberss Hiss also referred to Chambers as a psychopathic liar Hiss sued Chambers for slander In November Chambers handed over 65 typed pages of State Department documents four pages of word-for-word copies of its cables in Hiss handwriting plus two strips of developed microfilm The HUAC then accused Hiss of perjury in denying that he had given documents to Chambers 2In the first trial Hiss and his lawyer got a hung jury by attacking Chambers personally and presenting his client as a symbol of the New Deal 3In the second trial Hiss new lawyer based his strategy on unsupported claims that the documents had been stolen by Chambers or by Julian Wadleigh another member of the Ware Group However Chamberss had another witness Hede Massing a former Soviet spy The typewriting of the documents would be important to the case to prove
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