scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 4,524
1 Introduction Mills primary work on rights is On Liberty which was published in England in 1859 John Stuart Mill was the student of his father James Mill and Jeremy Bentham who raised him to defend the theory of Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill was a child prodigy and a genius of historical magnitude He began reading Greek at the age of three and Latin at the age of eight - he went on to published important work in a wide range of philosophy economics and some of the earliest feminist theory 2 Overview a Not a social contract theory Mills theory is not a social contract theory and he has no hypothesis about the state of nature or natural rights Rather Mill states that his theory of rights is justified by his moral theory utilitarianism However it is not necessary to understand utilitarianism in order to understand his theory of rights Because of this I will delay most discussion of the connection between the two theories until the end of this section b Basics of the theory Mills argues that a just state will provide a strong assurance of negative rights to all of its citizens and will interfere as little as possible in the daily lives of its citizens The argument begins with a recognition that there is a danger in a democratic government one that was mentioned as an objection to Locke The danger is that since decisions are made by the principle of majority rule the majority or simply the most vocal group will choose to oppress some minority group For example when segregation existed in the middle of this century in the US the black people were being oppressed by the majority of voters which were white and there were even parts of the US in the 1950s where black people were in the majority but where the white minority was more vocal and powerful so that the blacks were still
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA