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Module 1 Section 5 51IBM and the PC - Introduction IBM - International Business Machines - also referred to as Big Blue because its corporate color is blue IBMs Timeline 1924It was founded 1950It began to sell large computers to companies Mid-1960sIBM launched its range of mainframe computers known as 360s 52Independent Business Unit The Boca Raton Group A small independent group that was set up and did not have to conform to the everyday operations of IBM they produced the PC Independent Business Unit IBU a small development team within a larger structure which has a degree of freedom in the way it operates and its own budget The reason the smaller partly independent team seems to be a successful approach Computer-product development Particular software development What makes a good programmer a good program or a good team The software designer must take into account What is possible What the customers would like What different features will cost in terms of time How long a product will take to complete What will happen if it is late 53The Open Standards These standards must cover Physical factors Procedural factors Who decides the standards Official bodies The market De facto standard standards developed through the sheer volume of use by the market such as IBM PC and the Operating system for the PC DOS and Windows Apples Macintosh is an example of a computer which does not match the standard Open architecture an architecture whose specifications are publicly available This includes officially approved standards as well as privately designed architectures whose specifications are made public by the designers The open architecture led to an open standard which made the PC the de facto standard for microcomputers Open standards standards that are
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