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Word Count: 745
The movement known as Modernism began in the first decade of the 20th century and was a reaction against all aspects of Victorianism Literary interest shifted from the external to the internal to the psychology and motivation of characters and their roots in deeply shared experience influenced by the theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustaw Jung Joseph Conrad D H Lawrence E M Forster among others explored mind and feeling in fiction still largely conventional in narrative and dialogue Virginia Woolf and James Joyce however experimented with the stream of consciousness to express a characters thoughts more directly Poetry broke even more with the past replacing traditional prosody with free verse and favoring the shorter poem with sharp concrete imagery This period was marked by a more colloquial and relaxed use of language New styles allowed the reader a more open and less directed approach to the text Scenes and topics once banned from literature were now Admitted with taboo words appearing in print and a more explicit presentation of sexuality and human differences What is more the 20th century is above all in art and in literature the century of the individual Main concern of the comparatively new science of psychology is personality The psychology of personality development describes an evolution within the lifetime of a person A whole series of tensions are created between the known and the new the static and the dynamic The tension between the idea of freedom and the idea of responsibility Culture and personality interact and help shape and explain each other In Modernism there is reflected the modern view of man an understanding of his motives of the forces which shape him and of the values images and meanings which are both his interpretations of experience and the shapers of his behavior Modernists were very close to art especially painting - the idea which they expressed with the help of art was - how
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