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Obstacles to Industrialization 1 lack of labour-95 of people worked on farms 2 lack of food supply- farmers only made enough food for themselves 3 fallow field system-1 of 3 fields would lie fallow for a year 4 poor transport- between cities and possible industrial areas 5 many countries had no common currency and no unified law code 6 Aristocracy- were pro farms and usually anti-industrialization 7 Guilds- constricted the economy and practiced Mercantilism -England started the Industrial Revolution bc -they already had a common currency and unified law code and an aristocracy historically controlled by the King who was influenced strongly by the English Parliament -2 kinds of Aristocracy in England 1peerage-primogenture made it that only the eldest son got the fathers title and joined the peerage so 2 gentry-which was made up of younger noble sons and rich merchants were pro industr and helped make England 1 -they had a domestic system that hurt guilds because in it ppl made products at home out of the guilds control and then the Coporation Act of 1835 outlawed guilds in England -Enclosure Movement tried to organize and consolidate little fields farmed by peasants into big fields run by yeomen-name for a successful farmer -Jethro Tull invented the seed drill which planted seeds in rows and not randomly and also invented the horse drawn plow -Charles Townshead invented the theory of crop rotation in farming Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution -textile was the major product made in England and cotton had to be 1 spun 2 woven -John Kay invented the flying shuttle in 1733 which made weaving go much quicker -Charles Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny in 1760 which spun cotton 6x as fast -Richard Arkright invented the water frame which used water as a power source to spin cotton quickly -Samuel Crompton invented the Spinning Mule which combined the Spinning Jenny and the water frame in 1 production -Edmund Cartwright invented the power
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