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During the course of discussing the chosen topic area Probation Service and Modernisation I will examine the role of the Probation Service andor the role of Probation Officers I will outline the key objectives of the NPS By looking at the history of the NPS I will be able to evaluate the contribution made by the NPS to the Criminal Justice Service With reference to this question I shall then examine and analyse key policy frameworks looking at ways in which they have contributed to the history and development of the NPS Finally I will give a critical and analytical conclusion about the subject matter using relevant research The Home Office clearly defines the aims of the NPS as follows Protecting the Public Reducing re-offending The proper punishment of offenders in the community Ensuring offender awareness of the effects of crime on the victims of crime and the public Rehabilitation of offenders These aims operate within the Governments Correctional Policy Framework which primarily contributes towards ensuring the effective delivery of justice avoiding unnecessary delay through efficient investigation detection prosecution and court procedures Web page National Probation Service 090403 During the early 19th Century it was common practise for magistrates to commit young offenders into the care of suitable and willing employers It has been argued that this practice heralded foundations on which the probation service was built More developments in the middle of the 19th Century saw the extension of the jurisdiction of the magistrates court and because of moral panic about the extent of drunkenness and drink related offences two Church of England Temperance Society officers were appointed to work within some of the London Courts 1887 saw the Probation of First Offenders Act passed which introduced the concept of probation however it was not until 20 years later however with the Probation of Offenders Act 1907 that a recognizable form of probation was implemented and there are still
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