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Questioning the Authority of Myth in The Histories History can be defined as the systematic study of and writing about the past Cartledge Paul The Greeks A Portrait of Self and Others Oxford University Press Oxford 1993 Does this mean anything that happened or that was believed to have happened in the past can be recorded as history Or does one need proof In Herodotus The Histories the narrative is arranged in a dramatic form Modern historians also arrange their narrative in dramatic form but he or she uses footnotes endnotes and citations to show proof the raw data of his or her work is validated These notes allow the historian to share sources of details and present tangible information Herodotus however was not able to use such conventions as footnotes or endnotes In The Histories Herodotus includes as much primary material as he can but obviously does not fully trust his sources He takes special care to let his readers know when he is saying what has been told to him by other people and often includes accounts that he believes to be false Cartledge states that historians all create their own distinctive selective pasts Cartledge 19 In including all accounts and stating which he believes to be true Herodtus in fact creates his own past But was Herodotus telling the truth He uses many techniques in his writing to make the reader believe that what he is saying is fact Herodotus uses story and myth in such a way that it lends credibility to his writing Why did he include stories and myths Cartledge makes the claim that Myths were virtually all that Herodotus could possibly have used to recount and account for the origins development and outcome of his chosen subject Cartledge 21 First of all Herodotus used the stories to tell the history of the time because he often only had stories Haas p2 to tell as no concrete
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