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Word Count: 966
The three revolutionaries Giuseppe Garibaldi Giuseppe Mazzini and Count Camillo Benso di Cavour are the primary names associated with the process by which the many governments of the Italian peninsula came together as a unified kingdom They all were pivotal in this unification process In the years between 1830 and 1848 many events occurred in the country of Italy The primary problems in Italy were a mix of economic depression social clash and radical ideas Secret societies were formed and because of this many people were thrown in prison However being jailed did not stop or even hinder the revolutions as the Italians were determined to reach their independence from the Austrians Giuseppe Mazzini was always surrounded by political dissent and the resentment against the German-speaking foreigners in Vienna whose armies crushed Italian aspirations toward self-government At the young age of 21 Mazzini began to combine opposition to all existing governments desire for political freedom and Italian nationalism into one unified cause At this time he also decided to wear only black clothing in order to express his mourning over the loss of Italian freedoms The turning point of his life and eventually one can argue the turning point of Italy occurred in 1830 when Mazzini joined the conspiratorial society of the Carbonari The Carbonari was a loosely organized group of liberal and radical revolutionaries In this group Mazzini attended illegal meetings distributed banned newspapers acquired weapons and took part in riotous antigovernment demonstrations Mazzinis passion for Italy was essentially the driving force of his life He was arrested and spent six months in a local fortress During this time in solitude he received his lifes calling to devote his existence to the emancipation of Italy He derived his motto God and the People This motto was well thought out for many reasons He actually believed that God had intended on all humans to find individual freedom Secondly the way to control the masses
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