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Word Count: 359
EVERYTHING FOR THE WAR In 1942 Curtins government launched an austerity campaign aimed at diverting as many of the nations resources as possible to the war effort Rationing of clothing and food was introduced to ensure that everyone had fair access to scarce goods Coupons had to be handed over along with money in order to buy any rationed goods HARD WORK ON THE HOME FRONT Under extraordinary wartime powers the government conscripted both men and women to essential war work Men who worked in reserved occupations were not allowed to enlist and those employed in non-essential fields were directed to war-related industries PROPAGANDA Some companies were encouraged to make their workers feel patriotic about going to work They were made to feel guilty if they were off sick and were discouraged from asking for pay-rises The 175 billion was obviously not aimed at the worker The main unions in America agreed not to go on strike during the war waiting until 1945 to press for better pay Key Words depression - when the economy is failing - job losses companies going bust Wall Street Crash - the collapse in share prices in October 1929 which led to depression in capitalist countries like USA Britain and Germany free-market capitalism - the system where companies are free to make as much profit as they can without regulation by governments Federal - the way the US is run - a federation of 50 different states Federal law and agencies eg the FBI apply to all states corporations - big companies owned by shareholders they usually compete in many sectors of the economy eg mining manufacturing oil finance etc patriotic - proud and supportive of your country military contracts - a deal between the government and a company to buy weapons or other war equipment This is paid for in taxes Women in industry
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