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Word Count: 495
Alexander now took on a project that Philip had planned but never carried out an invasion of Persia He decision to do this was purely a political one For a century Persia had interfered increasingly in Greek affairs and had constantly oppressed the Greek cities in Asia Minor Alexander had personal reasons too Avid for glory and for identification with Greece Alexander knew no better way to win both than by attacking Greeces ancient foe In some ways the invasion the longest military campaign ever undertaken was a reckless undertaking It required a large army to move an enormous distance from its supply bases through and unfamiliar country against a power incalculably rich in money and men Furthermore Persia was governed by a patriotic and devoted military caste that was egar to show its strength in war However the enemy had a weakness The current king Darius III had come to the throne through the murder of his predecessor and was highly incompetentDarius was no leader-in fact he was not even a brave man The best of his generals and satraps might have been able to compensate for his shortcomings but the rigidly structured hierarchy of the Empire did not give them a chance Besides the fact that Persia was poorly ruled Alexander was counting on another shortcoming of the Persian Empire to aide in his conquest The Persian Empires subject were unloyal to and had very little affection towards their rulers and would be unlikely to resist and invading army As the campaign of Persia was ending Alexanders plan expanded Originally his purpose had been simply to destroy the Persian army He had decided to take over the whole Persian empire and he went on to achieve this without losing a single battle If Alexander thought of the Persian empire at all he thought of it simply as a source of wealth However as he took o ver more and
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