scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,174
Ancient Middle East 3570 bc-331 bc -Sumerians are the first known civilization in the Middle East -Sumerians settled in Mesopotamia which is present-day Iraq -Mesopotamia means lands between two rivers Tigris Euphrates -Mesopotamia lies in the East End of Fertile Crescentrich fertile land extending from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea -It was a hot and dry climate between the rivers but it had fertile land - The lands of the middle east were more easily conquered than Egypt Egypt had natural barriers deserts unlike the middle east which did not -Egypt wasnt under constant attack so it left plenty of time for advancements in technology Sumerian City-states -Mesopotamia was split into 12 city-states -Each city-state had their own government and supervised their own canals and dikes -City-states constructed city walls and storage areas for food in case of attack -As city-states grew they began to fight and have wars with each other -War became more important and war-time leaders began to control and people began to care less about the priests -Rich soil was abundant stone and timber were not abundant -All City-states had a ziggurat Large brick temple home for Gods largest building in town center of all social life Transportation Trade -Sometime between 3200 bc 1600 bc the sail and wheel were revolutionized -Sumerians were the first known to use the wheel invented or borrowed -Sumerians used bronzesilver and copper alloy tools and weapons -Period in Sumer around 2800 bc was the Bronze Age -Any time earlier than the Bronze Age was the Stone Age Sumerian Writing -Sumerians learned to have written record using tools to carve on wet clay Cuneiform -Cuneiformwedge-shaped writing started as picto-graphs -Later cuneiform was simplified into using symbols as sounds -Writing spread across the fertile crescent through conquerors -Scribes-artisans that were trained to keep records -Girls were not scribes unless they were tutored or went to private schools Religion Law
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA