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A Swiss chemist named Dr Albert Hoffman first produced lysergic acid Diethylmide or best known as LSD in 1938 Dye 1992 p 2 Hoffman discovered the drug while trying to synthesize a new drug for the treatment of headaches He obtained the lysergic acid from the parasitic fungus that grows on rye plants known as ergot From the lysergic acid he synthesized the compound LSD He used the compound to test for its pain killing properties on laboratory animals Being that appeared totally ineffective the bottle of LSD was placed on a shelf and remained untouched for five years On April 16 1943 Dr Hoffman decided to do further research with the LSD compound Dye 1992 p 5 While handling the drug he accidentally ingested an unknown amount Then he experienced the worlds first LSD trip About eight hours later Hoffman drifted back into normal reality and the Psychedelic Revolution was born Encarta 98 Three days later in an attempt to prove that the previous episode was indeed caused by the ingestion of LSD Dr Hoffman ingested what he thought would be a small quantity of LSD 250 micrograms In actuality this is approximately five times the dosage necessary to produce heavy hallucinations in the average adult male Solomon 1964 p 34 The drug produced effects that were much more intense than the first time Hoffman took the LSD He noted that he felt unrest dizziness visual disturbances a tendency to laugh at inappropriate times and a difficulty in concentration Dye 1992 p7 Dr Hoffmans condition improved six hours after taking the drug although visual disturbances and distortion continued LSD was first shipped to the United States in 1949 Solomon 1964 p 54 American scientists tested LSD on animals to learn of its effects It produced dramatic behavior changes in all animals investigated During the 1950s experimentation of LSD on humans began Solomon 1964 p 56 Since there were few restrictions
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