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Word Count: 455
In 1945 during the Second World War the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki The matter has been subject to much debate and controversy Indeed it was the first time the atomic bomb had been used in warfare resulted in a loss of around 120000 lives and left a legacy of ruin and disease from radiation However the US decision to use the A-bomb on Japan is justified because it was a way to prevent the loss of more lives and to end the war quickly Immediately after Japan sneak attacked the US naval base in Pearl Harbor on December 7 1941 the United States declared war on Japan The fight against Japan was a bloody and dangerous one - by Island Hopping the US pushed the Japanese back island by island If the United States had not used the A-bomb and continued fighting Japan by method of Island Hopping eventually the two sides would need to face off on the Japanese mainland Military advisers said that if the US invaded mainland Japan it would cost between half a million to one million soldiers lives and the war would last until 1946 For the US the use of the atomic bomb was economically justified because continuing the war would mean a continued drain on US resources and the loss of many lives The US also wanted to avoid fighting the Japanese because they were not ones known to give up easily and surrender The Japanese had fought to the last man in Iwo Jima Civilians would jump off cliffs in Okinawa rather than surrender The two sudden blows to Japan by the A-bomb was enough to result in Japans subsequent surrender and the end of the Second World War Even after the first bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and Emperor Hirohito told the Japanese army to surrender some military leaders attempted to overthrow Hirohito and
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