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MASLOWS HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Source Unknown Abraham Maslow developed a theory of personality that has influenced a number of different fields including education This wide influence is due in part to the high level of practicality of Maslows theory This theory accurately describes many realities of personal experiences Many people find they can understand what Maslow says They can recognize some features of their experience or behavior which is true and identifiable but which they have never put into words Maslow is a humanistic psychologist Humanists do not believe that human beings are pushed and pulled by mechanical forces either of stimuli and reinforcements behaviorism or of unconscious instinctual impulses psychoanalysis Humanists focus upon potentials They believe that humans strive for an upper level of capabilities Humans seek the frontiers of creativity the highest reaches of consciousness and wisdom This has been labeled fully functioning person healthy personality or as Maslow calls t his level self-actualizing person Maslow has set up a hierarchic theory of needs All of his basic needs are instinctoid equivalent of instincts in animals Humans start with a very weak disposition that is then fashioned fully as the person grows If the environment is right people will grow straight and beautiful actualizing the potentials they have inherited If the environment is not right and mostly it is not they will not grow tall and straight and beautiful Maslow has set up a hierarchy of five levels of basic needs Beyond these needs higher levels of needs exist These include needs for understanding esthetic appreciation and purely spiritual needs In the levels of the five basic needs the person does not feel the second need until the demands of the first have been satisfied nor the third until the second has been satisfied and so on Maslows basic needs are as follows Physiological Needs These are biological needs They consist of needs for oxyge n food water and a relatively constant
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