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Word Count: 798
Sierra Leone was a British colony to which freed slaves returned in the late 1700s They formed a social class which hardly mixed with the indigenous people After Independence in 1961 government was corrupt and controlled the trade in diamonds and the profits Little of the profit was shared out to the rest of the population Since 1991 there has been a civil war between the government and the Revolutionary United Front RUF who were dissatisfied with the government It has resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and over 2 million people being left homeless many fleeing to neighboring countries The UN became involved to try and bring peace but progress has been slow Poverty war and violence has become such a big problem in Sierra Leone that living there is very hard and hopeless In July 1999 all parties agreed to a cease-fire But still less than a quarter of the militants have surrendered and few of the 10000 children who were abducted during the war have been released Sierra Leone is still a very dangerous place to live 3 Population5732681 Population growth rate294 ReligionsMuslim 60 Indigenous beliefs 30 Christian 10 LanguagesEnglish Mende Temne Krio Infant mortality rate14686 deaths1000 live births Life expectancy at birth374 years HIVAIDS - adult prevalence rate7 People living with HIVAIDS170000 Literacyfemale 182 male 454 total population 314 Population under poverty line68 Currencyleone SLL GNP Per Capita US 1997140 Primary and Secondary Gross Enrolment Ratio per 100 1990-99Female 29 Male 43 GDP per sectorAgriculture 49 Industry 31 Services 21 Child Malnutrition of children under 527 Population with access to safe water 34 Population per doctor20000 Population with access to sanitization11 The major exports are Diamonds Rutile Cocoa Coffee and Fish The main industries are Agriculture and Diamonds although much of the potential wealth to be made from diamonds is taken away from the people of Sierra Leone due to illegal mining
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