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The Anti-Trust Case Against Microsoft Since 1990 a battle has raged in United States courts between theUnited Statesgovernment and the Microsoft Corporation out of Redmond Washington headed by BillGates What is at stake is money The federal government maintains that Microsoftsmonopolistic practices are harmful to United States citizens creating higher prices andpotentially downgrading software quality and should therefore be stopped whileMicrosoft and its supporters claim that they are not breaking any laws and are just doinggood business Microsofts antitrust problems began for them in the early months of1990Check1 when the Federal Trade Commission began investigating them for possible violationsof the Sherman and Clayton Antitrust ActsMaldoom 1 which are designed to stop theformation of monopolies The investigation continued on for the next three years withoutresolve until Novell maker of DR-DOS a competitor of Microsofts MS-DOS filed acomplaint with the Competition Directorate of the European Commission in June of 1993Maldoom 1 Doing this stalled the investigations even more until finally in August of1993 Check 1the Federal Trade Commission decided to hand the case over to theDepartment of Justice The Department of Justice moved quickly with Anne KBingaman head of the Antitrust Division of the DOJ leading the wayCheck 1 The casewas finally ended on July 15 1994 with Microsoft signing a consent settlementCheck 1 The settlement focused on Microsofts selling practices with computermanufacturers Up until now Microsoft would sell MS-DOS and Microsofts otheroperating systems to original equipment manufacturers OEMs at a 60 discount if thatOEM agreed to pay a royalty to Microsoft for every single computer that they soldCheck 2 regardless if it had a Microsoft operating system installed on it or not Afterthesettlement Microsoft would be forced to sell their operating systems according to thenumber of computers shipped with a Microsoft operating system installed and not forcomputers that ran other operating systems Check 2 Another practice that the Justice Department accused Microsoft of wasthatMicrosoft would specify a minimum number of minimum number of operating systemsthat
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