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CSIS The Canadian Security Intelligence Service CSIS was established in 1984 due to an Act of Parliament At this time the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Security Service was disbanded This Act of Parliament recognized the differences between law enforcement work and security intelligence After 120 years of the Mounted Police acting in part with the federal police as Canadas security intelligence service this partnership was brought to a close and CSIS took over The first signs of a Canadian Intelligence Service began when Sir John A Macdonald started the Western Frontier Constabulary WFC in the year 1864 The WFC was to be a detective and preventive police force for the purpose of watching and patrolling the whole frontier from Toronto to Sarnia The Constabulary worked along the Upper Canada borders and along the rail lines The Constabulary was to report any activities that related to the American Civil War The Eastern section of Canada was patrolled by The Montreal Water Police which was started by William Ermatinger Later on he was replaced by a man named Joseph Coursol After Joseph gained control both forces reported Macdonald By 1868 the government had set up a 12-member Dominion Police force which was in charge of keeping watch over public buildings and doing the previous jobs that the Western Frontier Constabulary tended to This police force led by Gilbert McMicken and Coursol was in charge of assigning people to a security intelligence function when it was necessary They would be returned to their regular duties after they where done By the beginning of the First World War there were about 140 members The Act that created CSIS also wanted to make sure that the Service would continue to grow as an effective and responsible organization In 1992 a review was completed In this review it stated that the Service was essentially well structured to the changing security intelligence environment CSIS provides any
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