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Dementia is a set of conditions medically diagnosed and leading to recognized and measurable behavioral changes in an individual Dementia of the Alzheimers type is a chronic cognitive disorder that is manifested in impairment of either short-term or long-term memory or even both It has a slow onset and its etiology is unknown although many speculate that genetics may play a role as well as the decrease in acetylcholine which is a neurotransmitter that is used to carry electrical impulses from the axon of one cell to the dendrite of another The number of neurotransmitters have been found in the brain tissue of patients with dementia and Alzheimers Alzheimers disease accounts for about 70 of dementia cases Over 4 million people are currently diagnosed as having Alzheimers disease There is not a specific age of onset although it usually occurs in late adulthood People are living longer now and for this reason the number of Alzheimers cases is on the rise It is a neurological disorder of the brain that can cause overwhelming anxiety for both those affected and family members of those affected In Alzheimers disease normal brain tissue is replaced by neuritic plaques which basically just take up space These brain lesions will inevitably cause death Various bodily functions begin to be altered depending on the part of the brain affected Usually as the disease progresses bladder control will be lost as well as the ability to swallow The brain lesions will often times trigger the onset of seizures Cognitive symptoms of Alzheimers disease include alteration in language ability to solve problems and even the inability to make appropriate decisions This may often times be the most difficult symptom for nurses and care providers to deal with legally In the long run patients will experience complete memory loss and aphasia Non-cognitive changes include unexplained movements urinary and fecal incontinence aggression andor agitation There is currently no known therapeutic treatment that can stop
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