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What is radiobiology It is the study of the biological effects and uses of radiation on biological matter Through radiobiology we have been able to gain a better understanding of haw radiation affects tissue and the contributions it can have on diseased tissue Radiobiology has helped to pave the way for radiotherapy one of the main treatments for cancer Radiophysics another related field which makes it possible to measures the exact amount of radiation delivered to the patient the dosage and it distribute it effectively so as to destroy cancerous tissue and preserve healthy tissue The use of radiation can be documented as far back as a hundred years ago when X rays were first used to treat a cancer patient in December of 1895 four weeks after their discovery by Rontgen In March of 1896 only a few months later Henri Berquearel discovered radioactivity Less than two years after that discovery Marie and Pierre Curie discovered the existence of two radioactive substance polonium and radium The benefits of these discoveries are still being researched and improved upon today a century later With the rise of radiobiology there came such theories as the target theory Which has provided a quantitative treatment of many of the biologic effects of radiation particularly in the field of genetics The purpose of this paper will be to explain the many uses and treatments brought about by the field of radiobiology The usages radiobiology has developed along with some of the problems it has dealt with in the uses of radiation But first we must understand radiation and radioactivity What is it Where does it come from It first began in 1895 when Wilhelm Conrad Rontagen discovered X-rays while experimenting with cathode-ray tubes In a matter of weeks doctors began examining radiological photos taken in Vienna Pads and London This enabled doctors to make far more accurate diagnoses and better able to treat patients
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