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Word Count: 758
Noir is also a French word Ginette Vincendeau The theme of this French article is the French antecedents of film noir Film noir is a term used to describe the large body of films in America in the period of 1941-58 generally they focus on urban crime and corruption on sudden episodes of violence in a culture whos fabric seems to be unravelling They crumble the American dreams most basic promices of hope prosperity and safety from persecution Film noir is a term given to films of the 40s and 50s in America by some French film critics translated as black film they were often based on crime fiction The articles sarcastic title gives an impression of Ginette Vincendeaus appreciation of early French cinema and its links with film noir In the article he discusses a study conducted by French critics of the mid 50s Raymond Boyde and Etienne Chaumeton In their book they dismiss the European influence on American film noir as feeble and the French as especially insignificant Vincendeau suggests that their analysis is in some respects unarguable because French cinema on the whole is Realist unlike film noirs surreal styles Early French film had Well defined social environment Motivated violence Down to earth story lines Film noir had Visual motifs of dark low key lighting Often based on crime literature Fatalistic Narratives Vincendeau states a less bias and more thoughrough look at the french cinema of the 1930s reveals strong intertextual links with American film noir via film makers careers filmic re-workings and more diffuse cultural references Berlin- Paris Hollywood Major contributors to film noir- Robert Siodmark Fritz Lang Billy wilder Max Ophuls Jaques Tourner and Chris Bernhardt had seen plenty of French films of the 1930s They had been sent to France under the Nazi regime and film industry internationalion only to work in French studios Vincendeau notes that it is evident that film noir
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