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Page 2 of 7Throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance abortion was legal until the moment of quickening In 1588 Pope Sixtus V called abortion the same as murder and thus subject to the same penalties Within three years Pope Gregory XVI eliminated any penalties until ensoulment- which was then determined to be about 40 days after conception 5 Pope Gregory XVIshouldnt have changed the law because if you have an abortion which was murder then you should get the same punishment The law should have stayed the same through history In 1869 Pope Pius IX removed any distinction between formed and unformed fetuses and made the penalty for the sin of abortionexcommunication regardless of the stage of fetal development At about the same time abortion was banned in most of Europe The decision of Pius IXwas reaffirmed in 1917 with publication of the Code of Canon Law 5 The Code of Canon Law was just restating that the result of an abortion isexcommunication Roleff 22 Personally I feel excommunication is not a severe enough punishment A few laws I thought were fair were against abortion and said it was wrong One major abortion law was passed Britain in 1861 This law made abortion a felony and this was enforced for nearly 100 years Flanders 5 Also Connecticut passed the first abortion statute in the United States in 1821 This statute made it a crime to give a woman a poison to cause her tomiscarry 5 In 1830 New York criminalized the performance of abortions after the fetus can be felt moving but exempted those necessary to save the womans life Then in 1845 New York became the first state to place women under threat of prosecution for having an abortion 6 In 1859 the American Medical Association passed a resolution condemning abortion and urging states to make it illegal In time each of thestates changed its laws By the end of the century abortion was
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