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Is man free If everything is determined by antecedent conditions how can we consider mans actions to be free Is the belief that everything is determined incompatible with the concept of freedom If all actions are determined how can one be held morally responsible The three possible positions which may be taken in regard to these question libertarianism compatibilism soft determinism incompatibilism hard determinism lead to very different notions of moral responsibility It is my belief that the incompatibilist argument as described by Van Inwagen defeats the compatibilists notion of freedom Incompatibilism is the most convincing of the three theories proposed regarding the relationship between free will and determinismDeterminism is the idea that at any instant exactly one possible future exists Determinism is a thesis about propositions and by definition a proposition has a certain truth-value which we can express The belief that I am walking has at its core the proposition that I am walking In opposition to determinism the indeterminist stases that not all events are the result of prior conditions there is perhaps one tenth of one percent of our actions that can be truly spontaneous This incompatibilist philosophers hold is enough to justify indeterminism Libertarianism in contrast is the denial of the belief that all human actions are caused by an individuals character It holds that a free act is not an uncaused act as determinism believes it to be but rather an act caused by the self as distinct from the character of an individual Campbell Free will is perhaps best defined as the possibility of being capable of doing more than one action We say someone has free will if when presented with two distinct paths of which they can only choose one they are equally capable of acting in either way For example a man is offered a drink and can drink the beverage or alternatively can not drink the beverage if we hold this to be true
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