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IMPETUS FOR IRANS ISLAMIC REVOLUTION On April 1 1999 Iranians joyfully celebrated the twentieth anniversary of their successful Islamic Revolution This revolution led by the charismatic figure Ayatollah Khomeini removed the Shah and constituted the first Islamic Republic in modern times Various countries such as the United Kingdom but more directly the United States for its own strategic and economic purposes tried desperately to prevent this outcome With so many overt and covert efforts aimed against Iran the David of Iran defeated the US Goliath All revolutions have their incipient actions that precipitate them and Iran is not exempt from this precept The causes of the Iranian Revolution of 1979 stem from the dissatisfaction of the Iranian people with the Shahs modernizing efforts the Shahs authoritarian government disenchantment with the influence of Western views a return to traditional Islamic values and most important the persona of Ayatollah Khomeini The following will seek to elucidate the basis for Irans Islamic Revolution Prior to 1941 relations between Iran and the United States were nearly non-existent The threat of the Soviet Union with Communism and the response of US global strategy to deflect it were the starting point for US-Iranian relations Underlying this friendship was the all-important resource of oil The US had to maintain Iran in the its sphere of influence or Western Camp for two reasons First Irans strategic location between Persian Gulf oil fields and the Soviet Union mandated that this territory not be incorporated by the Marxist-Leninist regime Iranian neutrality was not a viable option or political reality considered by the US Second since oil was deemed vital to US economic interests and Western European security any protracted oil crisis would spell catastrophic disaster for these regions Stability was required in Iran as a precursor for stability in world oil markets Gasiorowski P67 Nationalization of Iranian oil assets precipitated Dr Mosaddeqs demise as Prime Minister In the early 1950s the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
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