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I The Judiciary 1 The powers of the judiciary are 2The current Justices of the Supreme Court are John Paul StevensKKKKKKKKKKKFord David SouterKKKKKKKKKKKKKKBush Ruth Bader GinsburgKKKKKKKKKClinton Stephan BreyerKKKKKKKKKKKKClinton Sandra Day OConnorKKKKKKKKReagan Anthony KennedyKKKKKKKKKKReagan William Rehnquist CJKKKKKKKReagan Antonin ScaliaKKKKKKKKKKKKReagan Clarence ThomasKKKKKKKKKKBush 4 5 6 Terms and Concepts A Common law Judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shaped according to prevailing custom Decisions were applied to similar situations and gradually became common to the nation B Statutes laws enacted by legislatures C Amicus Curiae a brief a document containing a legal argument supporting a desired outcome in a particular case filed by a third party or amicus curiae friend of the court who is not directly involved in the litigation but who has a interest in the outcome of the case D Rule of Four the United States Supreme Court procedure requiring four affirmative votes to hear the case before the full court E Federal Question a question that pertains to the US Constitution acts of Congress or treaties A federal question provides a basis for federal jurisdiction F Senatorial Courtesy In regard to federal district court judgeship nominations a Senate tradition allowing a Senator of the presidents political party to veto a judicial appointment in his or her state simply be indicating that the appointment is personally not acceptable At that point the senate me reject the nomination or the president may withdraw consideration of the nominee II Congress A Bicameralism the division of a legislature into two separate assemblies B Casework Personal work for constituents by members of congress C Logrolling An arrangement in which two or more members of congress agree in advance to support each others bills D Legislative Veto a provision in a bill reserving to congress or to a congressional committee the power to reject an action
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