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Al-Ghazali is most famous for his contributions in philosophy religion and Sufism He is also known as Algazel in the West Abu Hamid Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad al-Tusi al-Shafii al-Ghazali was born in 1058 CE in Khorman Iran His father died while he was still very young but he had the opportunity of getting education in the prevalent curriculum at Nishapur and Baghdad Soon he acquired a high standard of scholarship in religion and philosophy and was honored by his appointment as a Professor at the Nizamiyah University of Baghdad which was recognized as one of the most reputed institutions of learning in the golden era of Muslim history After a few years however he gave up his academic pursuits and worldly interests and became a wandering ascetic This was a process period of mystical transformation Later he resumed his teaching duties but again left these An era of solitary life devoted to contemplation and writing then ensued which led to the authorship of a number of everlasting books He died in 1128 CE at Baghdad Al-Ghazali made major contributions in religion philosophy and Sufism A number of Muslim philosophers had been following and developing several viewpoints of Greek philosophy including the Neoplatonic philosophy and this was leading to conflict with several Islamic teachings On the other hand the movement of Sufism was assuming such excessive proportions as to avoid observance of obligatory prayers and duties of Islam Based on his unquestionable scholarship and personal mystical experience Ghazali sought to rectify these trends both in philosophy and Sufism In philosophy Al-Ghazali upheld the approach of mathematics and exact sciences as essentially correct However he adopted the techniques of Aristotelian logic and the Neoplatonic procedures and employed these very tools to lay bare the flaws and lacunas of the then prevalent Neoplatonic philosophy and to diminish the negative influences of Aristotelianism and excessive rationalism In contrast to some of the
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