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Mr Ralph Kam PHL215 - Methods and Applications July 15 2003 Metaphysics In philosophy a term known as metaphysics referred to the writings of Aristotle nearly three centuries after his death Metaphysics is the area of philosophy that attempts to understand the basic nature of all reality whether it is seen or indistinguishable we try to relate to our existence It seeks a description so basic that it applies to everything whether divine or human In short metaphysics attempts to enlighten what anything must be like in order to be at all To call one a metaphysician in this traditional philosophical sense indicates nothing more than his or her interest in attempting to discover what underlies everything Old materialists who said that there is nothing but matter in motion and current naturalists who say that everything is made of lifeless non-experiencing energy are just as much to be classified as metaphysicians as are idealists who maintain that there is nothing but ideas or mind or spirit Metaphysics par 2 The major schools of thought in relation with metaphysics are realism idealism materialism determinism and libertarianism Realism is an inclination toward literal truth and pragmatism The representation of realism in art or literature of objects as well as actions or social conditions as they actually are Realism quite simply is the act of being real One displays realism when actions are taken without idealization or presentation in abstract form There are two types of realism scientific realism and objective realism Scientific realists embrace that the characteristic product of successful scientific research is knowledge of largely theory-independent phenomena and that such knowledge is possible indeed actual even in those cases in Mcbride 2 which the relevant phenomena are not in any non-question-begging sense observable Stanford par 1 Objective realism is the scientific phrase for common sense One who knows their strengths and weaknesses as well as having the power to refuse or negate an event or idea
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