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The National Assembly The Causes In the 18th century in France there was a horrible economy since Louis XIV spent a lot of money on wars and buildings so France needed new sources of income The main way to do this was taxes However the peasantry was already squeezed dry So they went to the nobles to demand money However the parlements resisted this and they could annul laws Therefore Louis XV stopped convening them Louis XVI then reinstated the parlements and found out that they were still against him Turgot the advisor of the king in economics was a Philosophe He wanted to put in new ideas in France such as getting rid of tariffs resisted by the nobility of course and he wanted to impose taxes on land also resisted by the nobility Therefore Louis 16th had to get rid of him Then Jacques Neckar the new financial advisor made matters worse He lent money to America for the Revolutionary War and floated a lot of loans at high interest rates thereby increasing the problem By the 1780s Frances economic situation is so bad that Louis XVI is forced to call for an assembly asks for money but was refused Therefore he had to convene the Estates General which hadnt been convened since 1614 - 175 years The Estates General The Estates General consists of three components the First Estate - the clergy the Second Estate - the nobility and the Third Estate - the peasants artisans and bourgeoisie bugh-waz-ZI - the middle class made up of people who lived within the city walls It controlled some of the laws They wanted a lot of power after having been in recession for so long The First Estate was exempt from most taxes collected the tithe had their own legal system and was only about 1 of the population The Second Estate was made up of the Nobility of the Sword and the Nobility
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