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Word Count: 328
Before the beginning of history people from across the land gradually developed numerous cultures each unique in some ways while the same time having features in common Mesopotamia and Egypt are important to the history of the world because of religious social political and economic development Mesopotamia was he first civilization which was around 3000 bc and all other countries evoloved from it The period of Egypt was around 3100 bc Mesopotamia emerged from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers Egyptian thought that the Nile river was a supremme fertilizer because it brought floods which afterwards the land was covered in fertile mude This made the land become more abundantin crops Ancient Egypt was a theocracy It gave rise to political unification under a king called Pharaoh The focal point of religious and political life was the Pharaoh in the Kingdom He commanded wealth resourses and people of all Egypt He was the lord of both upper and lower Egypt He represents the reconciliation of opposites within himself and he was both a temporal and spiritual ruler The Egyptians considered Pharaoh to be a falcon-god Horus in human quality The Pharaoh has power over all individuals exactly like in Mesopotamia where the class structure is devided into two classes the king at the top and then the free commoners The religious systems of the ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamians were polytheistic This means that there were a number of gods in the group although usually only a few were the focal point of the various myths Each of the major peoples had their own gods and their own beliefs which embodied the major values in their world Among the principal gods of Egypt was Re the god of sun Osiris the god of the dead Amen king of gods Khons god of the moon In Mesopotamia there was Anu father of the god Shamash god of law Ishtar god of love and war Enlil god
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