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Germany between 1918 and 1933 Novemberrevolution and armistice It all startet with the revolution in November 1918 As preliminary remark a revolution is defined as a fundamental change in political organization especially the overthrow or renunciation of one government or ruler and the substitution of another by the governed Mirriam-Webster So what effects did the particular revolution of November 1918 have and how did it change Germany The impulse for this revolution were mutinying sailors of the German navy who refused to execute an order that appeared to be senseless and life-threatening 29 October On 4 November 1918 the German regimen offered Wilson armistice as a result of the revolution Basis for this offer were Wilsons so-called Fourteen Points that he presented to Congress in January 1918 as an outline for a moderate peace in Europe He wrote it to make world save for democracy as he said Schlapp The Points asked for economic and political equality of all nations reorganization of Europe along lines of nationality and limitation of armor in all countries Moreover Germany had to give up Alsace-Lorraine and they had to pay reparations The emperor Wilhelm II resigned on November 9 One day later the Rat der Volksbeauftragten took over all government expenditures This institution which in English means Council of Peoples Representatives is defined as the German provisional revolutionary government established on 10 November 1918 with the Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands SPD and Unabhngige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands USPD each providing three members with Friedrich Ebert and Hugo Haase as joint chairmenInternational Institute of Social History Archives Eventually the armistice took place on 11 November 1918 Treaty of Versailles In January 1919 the peace negotiations started the victorious nations met in Paris to decide for a settlement Germany only received a draft agreement in May 1919 Germany signed the so-called Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919 The treaty - containing 440 articles - asked for disarmement of the
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