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Militarily the Spanish-American War 1898 was not a monumental war The war was brief included few battles and the US generally had an easy time of it with the wars outcome never in much doubt Secretary of State John Hay called it a splendid little war Internationally however the war had major historical significance The Spanish-American War signaled the emergence of the US as a great power onto the world stage of international relations and diplomacy The war did not make the US a great power the rapid industrialization and economic growth of the previous decades had done that However the war did announce to the rest of the world that the US was now a major player Lifting its head from a century of isolationism and flexing its muscles against the Spanish the US now transitioned to a vigorous role in world affairs The war demonstrated a US move towards imperialism the taking of colonies In general this shift in policy was quite surprising since the US once a colony itself had generally opposed the European colonial habit Before the Spanish-American War Congress even passed the Teller Amendment promising that the US would leave Cuba independent Yet during the war or just after the US annexed Guam Hawaii Puerto Rico and the Philippines to provide coaling stations for the US Navy throughout the world as called for by the theories of strategist Alfred T Mahan There has been some debate among historians over whether 1898 was a rare moment of US imperialism or the beginning of a long period of informal imperialism accomplished through economic domination The war also described a pattern extant through much of the 20th century just as the Philippines and other annexed nations struggled against US rule US interference in world affairs would not always be welcomed by the smaller nations that fell under Uncle Sams increasingly tall shadow The most immediate effect of anger over US interference lay in
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