scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 2,146
Study of Suicide Durkheims book Suicide A study in sociology published in 1897 defines suicide as all causes of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim himself which he knows will produce this resultTurner et al 1995 p 329 The consensus at the time was that suicide was a private act that lacked social approval Suicide was largely considered to be a nervous disorder derived from a weak physiological disposition Morrison 1995 p 164 It was considered to be the ultimate individual act Unlike his contemporaries who believed that influences such as inherited mental disorder resulted in suicide Emile Durkheim chose to look instead at suicide purely as a social fact rather that the act of an individual Turner et al 1995 p 329 Through analysis of government figures on suicide rates Durkheim tried to measure and explain suicide as a social phenomenon In his book Durkheim rejected both biologistic and psychologistic interpretations Coser 1977 p 129 of suicide as he claimed that neither accounted for the distinct patterns that were evident in the rates of suicide over time Durkheims decision to view suicide as a social fact was controversial at the time as the majority of writers before him believed suicide to be one of the most individual acts that can be undertaken Durkheim believed that in studying all acts of the individual certain social influences could be found to cause behaviour He came to this conclusion because he found that suicide rates remained constant over time and because there seems to be no set event in life that serves as a pretext for someone to kill themself According to Durkheim social facts did not exist independently of human consciousness and action that is they were external to the individual A social fact was a collective entity characterised by an underlying order or structure Swingewood 2000 p 58 These social facts are endowed with coercive
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA