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Abstract Rewards and incentives are related but quite different things An incentive is something that tends to stimulate or spur individual or group action A reward is something tangible or intangible that is given to an individual or group for a service Rewards are given for one of two reasons 1 outstanding performance of assigned duties and tasks or 2 unique contributions to the organization either job-related or non-job-related Tracey 1999 Tangible and Intangible Rewards Tangible rewards money treats certificates extra privileges etc are external ways of motivating group work They can be used selectively to build a sense of internal motivation within the group This is accomplished through another behavior modification principal paired association Tracey 1999 Tangible rewards make group members feel good and these rewards follow a major accomplishment then sooner or later the accomplishment itself will lead to a very positive feeling This in a nutshell is the longer term justification for selectively using external rewards Social rewards are among the most powerful ways of recognizing and rewarding achievements Andrews 1999 The need for affiliation is a basic motivator of work groups Belonging to a special group and having the time and resources to hang out with that group is very motivating and engaging Consequently providing rewards that allow group members the opportunity to socialize is a very effective strategy in motivating group work Andrews 1999 Such rewards might include something as simple as free-time to socialize Food always serves as an instigator of social activity A pizza party as a reward for a work group accomplishing its goals is a sure thing Other social opportunities may involve a trip to a local restaurant or a group trip to the movie theater While the activity itself may be motivating it is the concept of doing that activity with other members in a group setting that adds value Andrews 1999 When group members receive tangible rewards for an accomplishment these rewards
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