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Word Count: 695
Sentencing rationale in the past in comparison to the present has changed dramatically Before the pre-modern era the single most used form of discipline was capital punishment and emphasized deterrence and retribution to the extreme This resulted in many innocent peoples lives being cut short because of improper justice Today society realizes that not everyone is born an angel and wont necessarily be a law-abiding citizen for the rest of their existence To help these unfortunate souls the Courts and society have a more lenient point-of-view when it comes to retribution and deterrence People are given community service jail sentences fines and other rehabilitation to help them correct their erroneous ways To decide your own stance on this controversial issue its better to gain understanding from some of the best and widely used rationales that exist today From the far off times of the Biblical age right up to Modern Day there are many different principles invented by some of the greatest minds the world has ever seen After reviewing each justification you are better equipped to make an informed choice on your own after reading this paper One of the most prominent ideologies present today and in the past is retribution Many Biblical phrases including Eye for eye tooth for tooth hand for hand foot for foot emphasized retribution in its purest form Retribution in laymans terms is re-compensation which means when an offender has taken destroyed or broken something of anothers the victim reserves the right to seek compensation for the loss In specific context to this phrase this principle is not used as it was before but still accentuates compensation Compensation takes place by equality For a better understanding try this example Sam steals Marys car so because Sam has done something illegal Mary has the right to sue Sam to compensate her missing vehicle Another widely used theory of sentencing rationale deterrence is the method in which punishment
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