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Word Count: 919
1 A virtue as described in Websters Dictionary and Thesaurus is integrity purity chastity goodness rectitude effectiveness force honor power efficacy quality strength merit and righteousness I believe a virtue is a personal trait which is valued and practiced by the individual Each individual determines which personal traits or qualities they perceive to be virtues 2 A value as described by Websters Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary is something intrinsically valuable or desirable I believe values are personal beliefs which are developed over the course of an individuals lifetime An individuals values change as they evolve through the different stages of life3 Consequences are both negative and positive Each action or decision has both positive and negative conclusions and these results are the consequences The utilitarian ethicist Jeremy Bentham believed the way to reach an agreement was to compare the beneficial and harmful consequences of an action An example of this belief is Fords Pinto Case Ford evaluated three different courses of action in this case and it assigned a monetary cost to each action Ford chose to do nothing since it was the least costly of the three courses of actions The problem with this thinking is they decided this case on the consequences that would affect them They did not take into consideration the consequences on the consumer Another example of utilitarian thinking is the Caltex case in South Africa Caltex said that they did not support apartheid but their company provided petroleum to the South African government The South African government relied on the petroleum for 25 of its energy needs Caltex said if it pulled out of the country the black workers at their facilities would suffer The consequences of their decision would have both negative and positive results 4 A right is an individuals entitlement to something A responsibility is a moral legal or personal accountability5 To have a responsibility is to have a personal interest in the destiny of whatever
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