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Physical Properties The Danube River Also known as the Donau Dunaj Duna Dunav Dunarea and Dunay River flows for approximately 1770 miles 2850 kilometers The Danube runs through eight countries with six variations of its name listed above The countries that it runs through are West Germany Austria Czechoslovakia Hungary Yugoslavia Bulgaria Romania and the Soviet Union The river rises in the Black Forest mountains of West Germany and flows to its mouth on the Black Sea The Danube has 315000 square miles of drained area In that drained area the Danube gets about 30 inches of rainfall a year In all the river includes 300 tributaries 34 of which are navigable The river basin expands unevenly along its length It covers about 18000 square miles at the Inn confluence 81000 square miles after joining with the Drava and 228000 square miles below the confluences of its most affluent tributaries the Sava and the tisza In the lower course the basins rate of growth decreases to about 315000 square miles again About 56 of the Danube basin is drained by its right bank tributaries which collect their waters from the Alps and other mountain areas and contribute up to 66 percent of the total runoff or outfall Some come from the Adriatic Sea too The Danube has three sections the upper middle and lower sections The total amount of volume the the Danube has is 8525 cubic yards per second It does increase with every tributary because it increases by 4565 cubic yards per second from the upper part to the middle part The average flow at the mouth is the same as above 8525 cubic yards per second Yes the Danube is steep in some sections but not in others because the upper course stretches from its source to the Gorge in the Austrian Alps and the Western Carpathian Mountains called the Hungarian Gates which would be very steep The middle course runs
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