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The film Billy Budd directed by Peter Ustinov shows scenes that display conflict between the ideas of duty and inclination and nature and society which correspond with the philosophical views of Jean-Jacques Rousseau Thomas Hobbes and Immanuel Kant Billy Budd was a young nave and innocent sailor who had no family and knew nothing about his birth He was found in a basket and this indicates his closeness to the nature as an uncivilized man He was chosen to leave a merchant ship named The Rights of Man and take abroad a naval ship called The Avenger This essentially represented a transition for him from Rousseaus state of nature in The Rights of Man where everything was innocent and peaceful to Hobbes state of nature in The Avenger where everything was ferocious and at constant war against one another Despite the different social structure he was well liked and was able to make friendships easily However this soon draw the attention of the master-at-arm John Claggart Claggart disliked Billy and held a grudge against him For this reason when Billy accidently spilled soup he took it as a serious disrespect toward him and hated Billy even more Although Dansker an old experienced sailor warned Billy about Claggart he refuses to believe that Claggart dislike him One night Billy was asked by a guard from the lower decks to assist him with a mutiny plot against the captain Perturbed by such an approach Billy began to stutter and threatens the man to go away The other men on the top deck came up to see what was going on but Billy was not able to explain what had just happened Few days later Claggart approaches captain Vere the sovereign power of the ship and rumored that Billy was behind the mutiny plot When faced with Claggarts accusation Vere commands Billy to defend himself Terrified and helpless Billy was not able to defend himself instead he reacted
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