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Topics in Archaeology

The Discoveries of Cave Paintings in the Excavations of Altamira in Cantabria, Spain
Altamira, a cave in Cantabria, Spain was one of the first recognized decorated caves. It’s famous for the outstanding artistic quality of the paintings it contains, as well as the quantity of motifs preserved. The subject matter of the painting is dominated by animals, such as horses, bison, bulls, and goats. (Conkey 1980:6...
1,053 words
5 pages
The Life and Works of American Archaeologist, James Fanto Deetz
Historical archaeologist, James Fanto Deetz, made many important contributions to the field of archaeology. Through his fieldwork, teaching, and publications, Deetz encouraged archaeologists to examine the products of individuals in order to understand the underlying cultural rules. Deetz used material culture to generate i...
1,240 words
5 pages
Mummification and the Destruction of King Tutankhamen's Burial Treasure in Unwrapping Ancient Egypt, a Book by Christina Riggs
Christina Riggs begins The Unwrapped history of Ancient Egypt by describing in vivid details the destruction of King Tutankhamen’s burial treasure display in the Egyptian Museum of Cairo.  Riggs likens this destruction to the original destruction when Howard Carter uncovered King Tutankhamen’s burial site.  Riggs descriptiv...
924 words
4 pages
The Advancement in Human Development from the Lithic Ages to Ancient Egypt Portrayed through Art and Architecture
Each of the segments that we have covered in this course thus far are very complex and can not be summed up in one piece of artwork, however every artifact tells a story and represents the era in which it was created. The advancement in human development from the Lithic ages to ancient Egypt is portrayed in many ways throug...
378 words
2 pages
A Study of the Venus Figures during the Paleolithic Era
Venus Figures in the Paleolithic Era (A Brief Introduction) The Paleolithic era, which began approximately fifty thousand years ago, was extremely innovative in almost every facet of both past and present human life. This era was marked by the formation of small, stable, and flourishing societies, new agricultural tech...
1,502 words
3 pages
A Research on the Fossils in the Oregon Caves
Oregon Caves: Fossils The Oregon Caves are located within the Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve in Cave Junction, Oregon. The cave system was formed within the Siskiyou Mountains, that contains rocks as old as 500 million years old (dating back to the Paleozoic Era). However, experts estimate that the cave itself...
1,019 words
5 pages
The Similarities between the Mesopotamian and Egyptian Civilizations
Although both the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations developed around river systems – the former around the Tigris and Euphrates and the latter around the Nile – and did so almost simultaneously across the last three millennia BCE, there are distinct comparisons and contrasts to be made. The similarities between the tw...
1,040 words
3 pages
The Mummification and Culture of Ancient Egypt
The people of Ancient Egypt made many advancements and contributions to the sciences while building a unique, deep, and recognizable culture. The Egyptians proved to be very resourceful by using stone, bones, and metals to make buildings, weapons, tools, and art. With the close proximity to the Nile River, Egyptians were ab...
795 words
2 pages
The Mystery of the Stonehenge Monument
Curious by nature mankind seeks to explain and confirm historical happening. When historical events go undocumented they leave future generations to ponder the actuality of these events. This leads to the creation of myths, fallacies and nonsensical theories. Some of these myths or theories are based on truth and others...
547 words
3 pages
A Comparison of the World's Longest Leather Scroll in an Egyptian Archive with the Other Discoveries in Ancient Egypt
Ever since I was a little kid, the sites of ancient Egypt have always fascinated me. From the most obvious Pyramids of Giza and tomb of King Tut, to the lesser known discoveries, like the vessels used to house Queen Hatshepsut’s organs inside her burial chamber, Egypt is an arid canvas to the imagination and a harbinger of...
1,514 words
6 pages
A Report on the Findings About the Roman Lifestyle Based on the Archaeological Digs in Herculaneum and Pompeii
The towns of Herculaneum and Pompeii were hidden under debris and ash for almost 1,700 years before their rediscovery, in 1710 (for Herculaneum) and in 1763 (for Pompeii) when excavations began. Before, we relied on ancient texts that took knowledge of the empire for granted, and ruins that had barely stood for time, so the...
2,562 words
8 pages
A Response to Jerry A. Coyne's Study on the Formation of Fossils
In chapter two of his book, Jerry A. Coyne discusses the facts of how fossils are formed, how they prove evolution, and what fossils teach us. Coyne starts by explaining how fossils are made. He states that in order for a fossil to form that first the remains of an animal or plant have to find their way to the bottom of a...
424 words
1 page
An Annotated Bibliography on Ancient Greek Coins
I will be studying ancient Greek coins. The sources that I have looked up give insight into the background and history of the Greek coins. Ancient Greek coins had elements of art on them that was a large part of their culture. I was interested in the ways that Greek coinage was used and how they are viewed as works of art....
656 words
3 pages
A History of the Gobekli Tepe an Archaeological Site
Long ago, over 12,000 years, a small society of hunter-gatherers were doing what they did best: hunting and gathering food for their nomadic group. Suddenly, out of a bush jumped a menacing tiger, and one of their hunting party was killed. The others felt something strange, that perhaps they needed to honor their fallen bro...
720 words
2 pages
Heinrich Schlieman's Discovery of the City of Troy
The year is 1868. German-American businessman and amateur archeologist, Heinrich Schliemann, arrives at a small area in modern day Turkey now known as Hisarlik. Though he has limited experience in the art of excavation and his peers find his operation almost laughable, he is an able-bodied man with a nearly endless amount o...
2,215 words
7 pages
The Significance of The Dead Pharaoh Ascends to Heaven, a Pyramid Text
Around 2325-2300 B.C there have been Pyramid texts that have been found inside of the pyramids and they refer to many Egyptian theologies and cosmology but they focus on the passage of a dead pharaoh to his afterlife. This particular text, which is called The Dead Pharaoh Ascents to Heaven is about King Pepi II or Pepi II N...
1,054 words
5 pages
The Themes of Sexuality and Fertility Depicted in the Tomb of Nebamun
Women in ancient Egypt possessed a greater power in the revitalization of the soul than in most other aspects of their lives. Their ‘female generative principle’ worked equally with the male principle to allow for the continuation of the soul into the next life. Since men were more commonly depicted in ancient art than wome...
907 words
3 pages
Transition to Agriculture in Paleolithic Society
Essay on the Transition to Agriculture Progress is a complex concept in the study of our world’s history, often defined as the advancement towards a more complete state or condition. Around 10,000 to 4,000 BCE, many humans decided to settle down in certain areas of the world and lead their lives by cultivating plants and d...
966 words
3 pages
The History and Culture of the Aztecs
Aztec DBQ Essay When studying a civilization as multifaceted and complex as the Aztecs, there are several aspects of their culture to be considered. The Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico around 1200 A.D. after two centuries of migration and wars, and through territorial expansion and acquisition of political power, th...
747 words
3 pages
The Social Roles of Imported Material Culture in Late Bronze Age Cyprus
Text and Material: The Social Roles of Imported Material Culture in Late Bronze Age Cyprus The exoticism and mysticism of Cypriot material culture from the Bronze Age stems from many of the modern developments of the time, namely through the widespread use of bronze as a metal alloy, the developments of intricate and hier...
1,845 words
7 pages
A Comparison and Contrast of Emerging Agricultural Civilizations
Comparison and Contrast Essay: Emerging Agricultural Civilizations The Neolithic age was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally known as the last part of the Stone Age. It began with the invention of farming and ended with the widespread use of metal tools. These tools dwindled the amount o...
626 words
4 pages
Archaeology, a meeting point of art, science and mathematics, the study of Humans and their Prehistoric Beginning
Archaeology Archaeology is an important study for the reason that this specific subject has to do with everything about us humans. It is the study of humans and our prehistoric beginning through the excavation of geographical sites, analysis, artifacts and other physical remains. The findings man has discovered astonishes...
662 words
4 pages
A Look at the History of Underwater Archaeology in Greece
History of Underwater Archeology in Greece Introduction There are a lot of hidden valuables that are found in the depth of
seas all over the world. They include sunken ships, hidden maritime objects
and other valuables. These valuables have over the course of history
stirred curiosity and interest amongst people and...
1,288 words
5 pages
An Analysis of the Pallet on Narmer, a Stone Slab Relief from Ancient Egypt
Art History 101 January 27, 2015 Week Three Assignment 3.1 The Pallet of Narmer The Pallet of Narmer serves in form is that this object is “shallow relief carved onto both sides of this carefully shaped slab of stone portray scenes and symbols related to an early ruler of unified ancient Egypt named Narmer....
583 words
3 pages
An Analysis of the Site of the Architectural Panorama Skara Brae
As I’m viewing the Architectural Panorama Skara Brae media, I notice the way the site is arranged. This map can remind someone of a village or town that has communities within communities. At a first glance you can see the division amongst each home or section. You can see it all comes together as one but you can see how ea...
326 words
2 pages