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Word Count: 959
Circa 1930 an anti-monarchial movement developed in Spain This pro-republic group consisted of liberals and socialists who were tired of the monarchy In 1931 Spains leader Alfonso called for elections throughout the country There was unprecedented support for the republicans therefore Alfonso fled Consequently the republicans also known as the loyalists took control They developed a democratic constitution and elected a president However although there was widespread support for the new government Spain still had many who were pro-monarchy furthermore under the republicans Spain lacked unification and consequently groups of right wing supporters grew Eventually there was so much political turmoil and opposition that Spaniards stationed in Morocco declared civil war on the Republic This nationalist force was headed by a prominent military leader General Francisco Franco It was through the civil war which was caused by the numerous errors made by the republicans that Francisco Franco and the nationalists achieved control of Spain After holding parliamentary elections the republicans elected the republics first president Niceto Zamora and divided itself into twenty parties ranging from extreme left to extreme right wing These groups had completely different ideologies and in addition the new government lacked experience in ruling a country therefore each of the twenty parties wanted the republic modified to suit their beliefs Amidst this conflict the republic developed a constitution which some right wing supporters criticized for being very biased favoring the Leftists However these cynics represented a minority therefore they were outvoted and the constitution was passed in December 1931 There were many other downfalls of the republic that resulted in the Spanish Civil War One downfall was that the parties within the republic were constantly divided and leaders were often adversaries For example the left was divided into two groups moderate lefts led by Indalecio Prieto and the much larger more militant leftist group led by Largo Caballero Another problem with republic was
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