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Antibiotics and Penicillin Antibiotics was created to kill the growth of infectious organisms produced by bacteria or molds that are toxic to other micro- organisms Antibiotic refers to antibacterials all antibiotics are more toxic to an organism than they are to an animal or human How they made antibiotics was not understood until the late 20th century the principle of using organic compounds to fight infection has been known since ancient times Plant extracts were used for medicine for centuries and still used today as home remedies They also used cheese molds for the treatment of infection The first observation of what would now be called an antibiotic effect was made in the 19th century by a French chemist Louis Pasteur who discovered that certain bacteria could kill anthrax bacilli the first antibiotic to be used successfully in the treatment of human disease was TYROTHRICIN the medicine was too toxic for general use but was used for external treatment for infections Another antibiotic called Antinomycetes have been more successful This was discovered in 1944 by biologist Selman waksman which at the time was the biggest treatment for tuberculosis Since antibiotics came into general use in the 1950s they have changed dramatically the difference between disease and death Many diseases in which had people dying were improved dramatically and some of these diseases are tuberculosis pneumonia septicemia Surgical procedures have also been improved The most well known antibiotic is Penicillin and it has been used to fight many infectious diseases such as syphilis gonorrhea tetanus and scarlet fever The action of penicillin was first observed in 1928 by a British bacteriologist Sir Alexander Flemming but 10 years passed before penicillin
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