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CLT301 MODERN TIMES LONG ESSAY Fordism and Taylorism were specifically modern modes of organising labour Discuss with reference to Gramsci To begin to comprehend this statement it is first necessary to understand what is meant by modern For Marshall Berman Marx gives the definitive vision of the modern environment Berman 1982 21 in the Communist Manifesto The bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revolutionizing the instruments of production and with them the relations of production and with them all the relations of society Constant revolutionizing of production uninterrupted disturbance of all social relations everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguish the bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones Marx in Berman 1982 21 The statement claims that Fordism and Taylorism were specifically modern modes of organising labour which immediately suggests that this is all they were Putting this in the context of Marxs statement would mean that the two isms only effected the relations of production while leaving both the instruments of production and social relations unaffected In this essay I will examine if Fordism and Taylorism were indeed modern modes of organising labour but more importantly whether as Antonio Gramsci suggests they had more striking and far reaching implications in modern social relations as well as in the changes and implementations of science Were all the principles found in Fordism and Taylorism first conceived of in the modern era Some principles can in fact be seen in other instances throughout history The Chinese philosopher Mencius 372-289BC dealt with concept models and systems familiar now under the term of production management techniques He indicated the advantages of the division of labour Records indicate that the ancient Greeks understood the advantages of and practised uniform work methods They employed work songs to develop a rhythm in order to achieve a smooth less fatiguing tempo to improve productivity which we can compare to Taylors efficiency of
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