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Communism is a concept or system of society in which the community owns the major resources and means of production rather than by individuals In theory such societies provide for equal sharing of all work according to ability and all benefits according to need Some conceptions of communist societies assume that ultimately coercive government would be unnecessary and therefore that such a society would be without rulers Until the ultimate stages are reached however communism involves the abolition of private property by a revolutionary movement responsibility for meeting public needs is then vested in the state In 1922 the Communists produced a constitution that sounded both democratic and socialist It set up an elected legislature called the Supreme Soviet and gave all citizens over eighteen the right to vote All political power resources and means of production would belong to the workers and peasants However the Communist party not the people reigned supreme Like the czars before them the party used the army and secret police to enforce its will The new government brought much of the old Russian empire under its rule It then created the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics Krieger Larry Neill Kenneth Reynolds Dr Edwards 654 Stalin set out to make the Soviet Union into a modern industrial power Stalin blamed Russias economic backwardness for its many defeats In 1928 he proposed the first several five year plans aimed at building heavy industry improving transportation and increasing farm output To achieve this economic growth he brought all economic activity under government control The Soviet Union developed a command economy in which government officials made all basic economic decisions The government owned all businesses and allocated financial and other resources Stalins five-year plan set high production goals especially for heavy industry and transportation The government pushed workers and managers to meet these goals by giving bonuses to those who succeeded and by punishing those who did not Despite
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