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The History of the Panama Canal Construction and The Health Problems it Faced
22,000 laborers died during the French effort to build a canal through
the Isthmus of Panama in the 1880s. Most of these workers died after
contracting yellow fever or malaria. The French were forced to abandon the
project in 1889 after spending $287 million. In 1904, the United States
gained control of the land and began t...
702 words
2 pages
The Life and Works of the American Architect, Natalie de Blois
Natalie de Blois was an extraordinary architect who,although lived in a “Mad Men” era, excelled in the architect world. She is responsible for major landmarks including the headquarters of Lever Brothers, Pepsi-Cola and Union Carbide. In the 21st century, it is hard to picture such awful gender inequality that took place in...
403 words
1 page
Comparing the Similarities and Differences in the Developments of Architecture in Russia and China
Modern architecture can be summed up with a saying of Marcel Breuer, one of the famous modernist architects, “Modern architecture is not a style, it is an attitude1.” Modern architecture focuses on simplicity and clarity of geometric forms and elimination of unnecessary details. There are not many things to do with the desi...
1,374 words
3 pages
The Beauty of the Interior of St Mark's Cathedral in Venice, Italy
St Mark’s Interior, Venice The interior of St Mark’s cathedral is located in Venice, Italy. The current St Mark’s cathedral was the second after the original St Mark’s cathedral, which is located in Doge’s Palace, burnt down in 976. The current form was finished in 1063. The exterior is a beautiful architectural achieve...
584 words
3 pages
The Centralization in the Political Structures of the Mayan and Teotihuacan Societies Observed in Their Architecture and Art
Mesoamerica has a rich history of culture entangled with strong social stratification. There are many examples of this, with varying reasons as to how and why they became that way. One of the most common themes is based around a ritual society, and is centered around religious acts and ideals. With the act of worship, peopl...
1,190 words
4 pages
A Comparison between the Ancient Burial Practices of Egypt and the Island of Crete
Studying burial practices can determine important information about the culture of a population. Looking to burial sites in ancient societies is one of the best tools to use to determine the role, importance and power of people in that society. Egypt is one of the most well known burial sites in the world. The island of Cre...
997 words
3 pages
A Report on the Monumental Funerary Structures of Ancient Egypt
The afterlife continues to be a complex concept to the human race. Death is a controversial subject that pervades the thought process once self actualization is reached. The ancient Egyptian culture took death and the practice of burying human remains to an extreme that was not developed before their time. Leaders of ancien...
1,010 words
3 pages
Villa Rotunda: The Perfect Vacation Home
A “vacation home” requires many different things. It has to feel like home and represent you as a person. It needs to match the area it is surrounded by. It should make you feel comfortable and happy and needs to be livable. A “vacation home” is a second home and it should be built to perfection so it can represent what you...
608 words
2 pages
The History of the Radio City Music Hall
Radio City Music Hall (The Showplace of the Nation) Radio City Music Hall was built in 1932 by Edward Durell Stone after John D. Rockefeller Jr came up with the idea to build such a place while he was building the Rockefeller Complex in Manhattan. The theater opened its doors on December 27, 1932 and since then, more t...
720 words
3 pages
An Evaluation of Planning, Designing, Constructing, and Maintaining: The Process of Building Highways
Nowadays, highways are essential as a way of transportation. The
system allows efficient transportation for all sort of vehicles. Though the
idea of highways seem fairly simple, what goes into the engineering process
requires much consideration and skill. What is involved in the process of
building highways include planning...
760 words
3 pages
The Need for Hull-House in Modern Society
The Hull-House was founded in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. This house provided as a settlement for female immigrants and new female citizens of the Chicago area. The house’s purpose was to provide not only shelter to the women, but also opportunities in the new area. It was a place to educate the women and pro...
616 words
2 pages
A Structural Description of Chartres Cathedral in France
At the bottom of the western façade of Chartres Cathedral, there is a triple portal entrance. Above each portal is a tympanum, and above each tympanum is a large lancet window. The triple portal has a tower on the North and South sides, each with 3 pairs of lancet windows, and in the middle of the pairs is a buttress. Above...
staff pick
616 words
2 pages
Sir Christopher Wren and St. Paul's Cathedral
Christopher Wren When Sir Christopher Wren was first asked to rebuild St. Paul’s and St. Stephen Walbrook’s, he was not known as an architect. Wren, at this time, was known for being an astronomer and a mathematician. He had a specific focus on geometry which made him inclined toward architecture. He had already designed t...
467 words
2 pages
Asian Paints and Their Wall of Messes
Asian Paints and their Wall of Messes  Asian Paints Royale, a large paint company and a popular brand in Asia wanted to show how easy it is to spill and spoil your walls, and the importance of having a wall painted with a paint that is durable and easy to clean. Since little thought and involvement goes into buying paint,...
1,262 words
4 pages
The Project Life Cycle for the Building of a New Library
Purpose The purpose of the memo is to outline the specific steps needed to be taken for the local project of building a new library. The contractor representative, Chuck, will be informed of the details of the project outline in phases. This is in order to properly implement the necessary steps and detailed measures f...
963 words
5 pages
The Problem of Bridge Scour in Infrastructure
Bridge scour is a recurring problem affecting infrastructure. “Bridge scour” is a problem that mainly occurs around bridges, whether single or multi-span, that results in the removal of sediment from around pier pilings and or abutments. The problem does not emanate from the construction process, instead scour accumulates o...
2,807 words
11 pages
A Comparison of the Gothic and Renaissance Eras in Architecture in the Example of The Abbey Church of St. Denis and The Palazzo Rucellai
Considered the first building of the Gothic era, The Abbey Church of St. Denis by Suger laid the foundation for Gothic design. The Palazzo Rucellai is a famous Renaissance building designed by the architecture pioneer Alberti. These buildings have a variety of notable differences that effectively help define the Gothic and...
368 words
2 pages
An Analysis of the Architectural Features of the Art Nouveau Era and the Industrial Revolution
Though relatively close on a timeline, the ideology behind architectural features and the features themselves of the Art Nouveau era and the Industrial Revolution differed in many ways. However, many eras of architectural history has built off past ideologies in many ways as well. The Casa Milá by Antonio Gaudi in Barcelo...
486 words
4 pages
An Overview of the Late Renaissance and Baroque Era in Architecture
Architecture Essay #2: Late Renaissance and Baroque The Late Renaissance and Baroque eras are, relatively speaking, not far apart in history, however they differ in a variety of ways. A tangible by which these differences can be seen is through the architectural styles and motives behind the techniques used during the resp...
480 words
2 pages
A Comparison of the Polis of Athens and the Polis of Sparta
Greek civilization has been a topic of fascination for many people for a number of decades, and it has provided a grandiose amount of influence in the world, both historic and modern. The territory of the Greek society was comprised of many poleis, which encompassed not only the land that the society had, but also the peop...
619 words
3 pages
An Overview of Highland Park by Frederick Law Olmsted
Rochester is one of the four cities nationwide that have an entire park system designed by the father of the landscape architecture profession, Frederick Law Olmsted. In 1888 Rochester’s Board of Park Commissioners selected Olmsted to design a system of parks for the city filled with glamorous parkways and boulevards. Olmst...
1,405 words
9 pages
An Examination of the Creation of the North Wall of Jerusalem
Robert Hamilton conducted an excavation against the North Wall of Jerusalem from 1937 to 1938. He By examine his excavation report, one can reconstruct the sequence of the North Wall based on the different building styles that were used during the time that they were built in the different courses as well as archeologist ev...
1,264 words
5 pages
Why Does the Starker Arts Garden for Education Have Periodic Flooding
Introduction The Starker Arts Garden for Education (SAGE), located in Bruce Starker Arts Park, SW 45th Pl and SW Country Club Dr., Corvallis, experiences a small-scale periodic flooding in the southern part of the garden. Using the Soil Web Survey, the soil physical properties, available water capacity, water storage, dept...
1,081 words
17 pages
The Sophisticated and Beauty in the Islamic Architectural Styles in Al-Andalus
Sophistication and Beauty: Islamic Architectural Styles in Al-Andalus One can experience the splendor of Spain’s cultural history by visiting its vibrant cities, including the widely popular Madrid and Barcelona. Whether it is attending a fútbol game for Real Madrid or divulging in the tasty food, there is plenty to do for...
3,532 words
12 pages
The Life and Works of Thomas Andrews the Designer of Titanic
Thomas Andrews  Before the Titanic was a marvel to the world, the majestic ocean liner was no more than an idea in the minds of Harand and Wolff director Lord Pirrie and White Star Line president J. Bruce Ismay (Green 1). To be the greatest passenger ship in the world the Titanic had to be larger, faster, and more luxuriou...
721 words
3 pages