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Augustine is unsuccessful in solving the problem of defining evil by using the idea of free will and unchangeable intermediate and inferior goods to argue that everything God Created is good and human beings alone are the cause of sin and evil To understand Augustines argument for the existence of evil in a world created by a perfect God of only good things I will briefly examine Augustines reasoning for belief in God for which no clear evidence can be given I will then go on to critique Augustines argument for the existence of evil in a world created by a perfect God In Augustines book The Teacher Augustine illustrates a dialog he had with his young son in which he tries to convey the existence of the Christian God Augustines arguments for the perfection of God and the world he created are based on the idea that he must believe in God to understand him This is based on a quote from the Book of Isaiah in which the prophet states Unless ye believe ye shall not know Isa 79LXX Aug The Teacher pg 31 This gives Augustine a logical basis for an illogical belief It can be considered illogical to believe in a God for which no physical proof can be given so by making the belief in such an entity come first the arguments for existence can follow Augustine argues a distinct difference between belief and knowledge What I know I also believe but I do not know everything that I believe Augustine refers to a story about a great war which he did not witness but he believes it happened I know how useful it is to believe many things of which knowledge is not possible Aug The Teacher pg 31 Augustine extends the relationship between things which are believed and known to include the meaning of words and phrases According to Augustine we only believe we understand the words
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